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1975 Prudential Cup
Cricket-world-cup-1975
Administrator International Cricket Council
Cricket Format One Day International
Tournament Format Round robin and Knockout
Hosts Flag of England England
Champions Flag of West Indies West Indies
Participants 8
Matches Played 15
Most runs Flag of New Zealand.svg Glenn Turner (333)
Most wickets Flag of Australia Gary Gilmour (11)
Official website
  

The 1975 Cricket World Cup (officially called the Prudential Cup) was the first edition of the International Cricket Council's (ICC) Cricket World Cup. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England. The tournament was sponsored by Prudential Assurance Company and had 8 participating countries. These were the 6 Test playing teams of that time (namely Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan & West Indies) and Sri Lanka & East Africa. The preliminary matches were played in 2 groups of 4 each. The top two teams from each group then played the knock-out rounds of semi-finals and final.

The matches were played as 60 overs per team in traditional white clothing and with red balls. They were all played during the day and, hence, started early. One of the most bizarre batting efforts in one-day history was made by Indian legend Sunil Gavaskar. England scored 334 (4 wickets, 60 overs) with Dennis Amiss (137 from 147 balls, 18 fours) scoring the first ever World Cup century, nobly supported by Keith Fletcher (68 from 107 balls, 4 fours, 1 six). The response of Gavaskar (36 from 174 balls, 1 four) was to bat through the 60 overs for 36 not out.

The Prudential Cup was lifted by Clive Lloyd, captain of West Indies, who had started the tournament as the favourites.

Format

The format of the first world cup was 2 groups of four teams, each team playing each other. The top two team from each group then advance to the Semi Finals where the winners then advance to the finals.

The first Cricket World Cup was played in England on six different venues. A total of 15 matches were played in 1975 Cricket World Cup including 2 Semifinals and a Final match.

Participants

England hosted the all of first three competitions. The ICC decided that England should host the first tournament because it was ready to put the resources needed in organising the inaugural event. India proposed that it should host the third Cricket World Cup, but most ICC members believed England was a more suitable venue because longer period of daylight in June. This meant that a match could be completed in one day.

The following 8 teams qualified for the final tournament. Sri Lanka and East Africa were the only two teams without Test status.

ACA (1)
  • East Africa
ACA (1)

ACC (3)

EAP (2)
ECC (1)


Venues

London
Lord's Cricket Ground The Oval
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,500
Lord's Pavillion The Oval Pavilion
Birmingham Manchester
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Old Trafford Cricket Ground
Capacity: 21,000 Capacity: 19,000
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Pavillion Old Trafford Pavilion
Nottingham Leeds
Trent Bridge Headingley Stadium
Capacity: 15,350 Capacity: 14,000
Trent Bridge Pavilion End Headingley Cricket Stadium

Squads

Main article: 1975 Cricket World Cup squads

Group stage

Group A

Main article: 1975 Cricket World Cup Group A
Team Pts Pld W L NR RR
Flag of England England 1233004.94
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand 832104.07
Flag of India India 431203.24
East Africa 030301.90
7 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of England England
334/4 (60 overs)
v Flag of India India
132/3 (60 overs)
England won by 202 runs
Lord's, London, England
7 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
309/5 (60 overs)
v East Africa
128/8 (60 overs)
New Zealand won by 181 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham, England
11 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of England England
266/6 (60 overs)
v Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
186 (60 overs)
England won by 80 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England
11 June 1975
Scorecard
East Africa
120 (55.3 overs)
v Flag of India India
123/0 (29.5 overs)
India won by 10 wickets
Headingley, Leeds, England
14 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of England England
290 (60 overs)
v East Africa
94 (52.3 overs)
England won by 196 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham, England
14 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of India India
230 (60 overs)
v Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
233/6 (58.5 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester, England

Group B

Main article: 1975 Cricket World Cup Group B
Team Pts Pld W L NR RR
Flag of West Indies West Indies 1233004.35
Flag of Australia Australia 832104.43
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 431204.45
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 030302.78
7 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Australia Australia
278/7 (60 overs)
v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
205 (53 overs)
Australia won by 73 runs
Headingley, Leeds, England
7 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
86 (37.2 overs)
v Flag of West Indies West Indies
87/1 (20.4 overs)
West Indies won by 9 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester, England
11 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Australia Australia
328/5 (60 overs)
v Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
276/4 (60 overs)
Australia won by 52 runs
Kennington Oval, London, England
11 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
266/7 (60 overs)
v Flag of West Indies West Indies
267/9 (59.4 overs)
West Indies won by 1 wicket
Edgbaston, Birmingham, England
14 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Australia Australia
192 (53.4 overs)
v Flag of West Indies West Indies
195/3 (46 overs)
West Indies won by 7 wicket
Kennington Oval, London, England
14 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
330/6 (60 overs)
v Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
138 (50.1 overs)
Pakistan won by 192 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England

Knockout stage

Main article: 1975 Cricket World Cup knockout stage
  Semi-finals Final
18 June – Leeds
 Flag of England England 93  
 Flag of Australia Australia 94/6  
 
21 June – London
     Flag of Australia Australia 274
   Flag of West Indies West Indies 291/8
18 June – London
 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand 158
 Flag of West Indies West Indies 159/5  

Semifinals

In the best World Cup performance to date by a bowler, Gary Gilmour took six for fourteen as England were bowled out for 93 (36.2 overs), after having fallen to 37/7. Australia initially suffered a collapse just as dramatic, falling to 39/6, before Gilmour (28 from 28 balls, 5 fours) brought them home in a fantastic all-round performance.

The West Indies won the toss and sent New Zealand in to bat first. New Zealand batted well against the bowling at first, reaching 98/1. However, when captain Glenn Turner (36 from 74 balls, 3 fours) and Geoff Howarth (51 from 93 balls, 3 fours) fell, breaking a second-wicket partnership of 90 runs, New Zealand won 9/60 to fall to 158 (all out, 52.2 overs). The West Indies responded, with Alvin Kallicharan (72 from 92 balls, 7 fours, 1 six) and Gordon Greenidge (55 from 95 balls, 9 fours, 1 six) sharing a second-wicket partnership of 125 runs that brought the West Indies to their target.

18 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of England England
93 (36.2 overs)
v Flag of Australia Australia
94/6 (28.4 overs)
Australia won by 4 wickets
Headingley, Leeds, England
18 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
158 (52.2 overs)
v Flag of West Indies West Indies
159/5 (40.1 overs)
West Indies won by 5 wickets
Kennington Oval, London, England

Final

Main article: 1975 Cricket World Cup Final

In the final, the West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs, after an accomplished innings from captain Clive Lloyd (102 from 85 balls, 12 fours, 2 sixes). The Australian innings was marked by top-order batsmen being run out when going for runs after misfields. A total of five of their team were run out, three by Vivian Richards. There was no 'Man of the Series' awarded in 1975.

21 June 1975
Scorecard
Flag of West Indies West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
v Flag of Australia Australia
274 (58.4 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
Lord's, London, England

References

External links

Cricket World Cup
Tournaments

England 1975England 1979England 1983India/Pakistan 1987Australia/New Zealand 1992Pakistan/India/Sri Lanka 1996England/Ireland/Netherlands/Scotland 1999South Africa/Zimbabwe/Kenya 2003West Indies 2007India/Sri Lanka/Bangladesh 2011Australia/New Zealand 2015England 2019India 2023

Finals

19751979198319871992199619992003200720112015

Squads

19751979198319871992199619992003200720112015

Qualification

1975 1979198319871992199619992003200720112015

International cricket
Structure
Test cricketOne Day International (ODI)Twenty20
Events
World CupChampions TrophyWorld Twenty20World Test ChampionshipTest ChampionshipODI ChampionshipT20 ChampionshipWomen's World CupIntercontinental Cup

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