|ICC Cricket World Cup 2011|
|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|Cricket Format||One-Day International|
|Tournament Format||Round-robin and Knockout|
|Participants||14 (from 104 entrants)|
|Most runs||Sri Lanka Tillakaratne Dilshan (500)|
2007 Cricket World Cup
2015 Cricket World Cup
The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup was the tenth Cricket World Cup. It was played in India, Sri Lanka, and (for the first time) Bangladesh. Pakistan was also scheduled to be a co-host, but after the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team in Lahore, the International Cricket Council (ICC) cancelled that, and the headquarters of the organising committee, originally in Lahore, was transferred to Mumbai. Pakistan was to have held 14 matches, including one semi-final. Eight of the games (including the semi-final) were awarded to India, four to Sri Lanka, and two to Bangladesh.
All the matches were One Day Internationals, and all were played over 50 overs. Fourteen national cricket teams took part, including ten full members and four associate members of the ICC. The opening ceremony was held on 17 February 2011 at Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka, and the tournament was played between 19 February and 2 April. The first match was played by the Indian and Bangladeshi teams at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium in Mirpur, Dhaka. The final was between India and Sri Lanka at Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai.
India won the tournament, defeating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, thus becoming the first country to win the Cricket World Cup final on home soil. Sri Lanka won the 1996 World Cup as co-hosts, but the final was played in Pakistan. India's Yuvraj Singh was declared the man of the tournament. This was the first time in World Cup history that two Asian teams had appeared in final. It was also the first time since the 1992 World Cup that the final match did not feature Australia.
The ICC announced which countries would host the 2011 World Cup on 30 April 2006. Australia and New Zealand had also bid for the tournament; if successful, they would have shared the hosting equally, leaving the location of the final still to be decided. The Trans–Tasman bid, Beyond Boundaries, was the only one delivered to the ICC headquarters in Dubai before the 1 March deadline, but the Asian bidders were granted an extension by the ICC. The New Zealand government had given assurance that Zimbabwe would be allowed to compete in the tournament, following political discussions in the country over whether their cricket team should be allowed to tour Zimbabwe in 2005.
The extra time needed for the Asian bid had weakened its prospects, but when the time came to vote, Asia won the hosting rights by ten votes to three. The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has revealed that the vote of the West Indies Cricket Board was decisive, as the Asian bid had the support of South Africa and Zimbabwe as well as the four bidding countries. The Pakistani newspaper Dawn reported that the Asian countries had promised to hold fund-raising events for West Indian cricket during the 2007 World Cup, which may have influenced the vote. However, I. S. Bindra, chairman of the Monitoring Committee of the Asian bid, said that their promise of extra profits of around US$400 million had been decisive, that there "was no quid pro quo for their support", and that playing the West Indies had "nothing to do with the World Cup bid".
The ICC prefers to rotate World Cup venues between major cricket playing nations. They have been hosted by England (in 1975, 1979, and 1983), India and Pakistan (1987), Australia and New Zealand (1992), India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (1996), England and the Netherlands (1999), South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Kenya (2003), and the West Indies (2007). Australia/New Zealand were awarded the 2015 World Cup.
Late in 2007, the four host nations agreed on a revised format for the 2011 World Cup, identical to that of the 1996 World Cup, except that there would be 14 teams instead of 12. The first round of the tournament would consist of two groups of seven teams. Each team in a group would play all the others once, and the top four from each group would qualify for the quarter-finals. This ensured that every team would play at least six matches.
- Main article: ICC World Cricket League 2007–09
ICC regulations stipulate that all ten full members automatically qualify for the World Cup, including Zimbabwe, who no longer play test matches until the standard of their team improves. The ICC organised a qualifying tournament in South Africa to determine which associate members would participate in the 2011 event. Ireland, who had been the best-performing associate member since the previous World Cup, won the tournament, beating Canada in the final. The Netherlands and Kenya qualified by finishing third and fourth respectively.
List of qualified teams
The following 14 teams qualified for the final tournament.
|Group A||Group B|
|7||Sri Lanka||8||West Indies|
Pakistan loses co-host status
In April 2009 the ICC announced that Pakistan had lost its right to co-host the 2011 World Cup because of concerns about the "uncertain security situation" in the country, especially in the aftermath of the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team in Lahore. The PCB estimated that this would lose them $10.5 million. This figure took account only of the fees of $750,000 per match guaranteed by the ICC. The overall loss to the PCB and the Pakistani economy were expected to be much greater.
On 9 April 2009 PCB chairman Ijaz Butt revealed that they had issued a legal notice to oppose ICC's decision. The ICC, however, claimed that the PCB was still a co-host, and that they had only relocated the matches out of Pakistan. Pakistan proposed that South Asia host the 2015 World Cup and that Australia and New Zealand host the 2011 event, but this option did not find favour with their co-hosts and was not implemented.
Allocation of matches
On 11 April 2005 PCB chairman Shaharyar Khan announced an agreement on the allocation of games, under which India would host the final, Pakistan and Sri Lanka the semi-finals, and Bangladesh the opening ceremony. After being stripped of its status as a co-host, Pakistan proposed to host its allocated games in the United Arab Emirates as a neutral venue. They had played matches in Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah in the preceding months. On 28 April 2009, however, the ICC announced that matches originally intended to be played in Pakistan would reallocated. As a result, India hosted 29 matches across eight venues, including the final and one semi-final; Sri Lanka hosted 12 matches at three venues, including one semi-final; and Bangladesh hosted 8 matches at two grounds, as well as the opening ceremony on 17 February 2011.
On 1 June 2010 the first tranche of tickets were put on sale after a meeting of the tournament's Central Organising Committee in Mumbai. The cheapest tickets cost 20 US cents in Sri Lanka. In January 2011 the ICC declared the Eden Gardens ground in Kolkata, India, to be unfit and unlikely to be complete by 27 February, when it was scheduled to host a match between India and England. The match was moved to Bangalore.
Media and promotion
The World Cup has grown as a media event with each tournament. The ICC sold the broadcasting rights for the 2011 event to ESPN Star Sports and Star Cricket for around US$2 billion. At least two billion people from more than 180 countries around the world were expected to watch. It would be the first time that the ICC Cricket World Cup had been broadcast in high-definition format, and it was to be covered by at least 27 cameras using recent technoloy. It was also planned to be shown across platforms such as online and mobile 3G. It would be the first time that an ICC event had the Umpire Decision Review System (UDRS).
The official event ambassador was Sachin Tendulkar.
The official song of the 2011 Cricket World Cup has three versions, in Bengali, Hindi, and Sinhala, corresponding to the three host countries. "De Ghuma Ke" (Swing It Hard) is the Hindi version, composed by the trio of Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy. It employs an array of Indian rhythms combined with elements of rock and hip hop. The Sinhala version, "Sinha Udaane", was adapted by Sri Lankan R&B and hip hop artist Ranidu Lankage and composed by lyricist Shehan Galahitiyawa. Both songs were performed at the opening ceremony. "Sinha Udaane" was performed by Lankage.
Stumpy, a young elephant, was the official mascot for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. He was unveiled at a function in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on 2 April 2010, and his name was revealed on 2 August 2010 after an online competition conducted by the ICC in the last week of July.
The opening ceremony was held in the Bangabandhu National Stadium in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on 17 February 2011, two days before the first match.
The ICC doubled the total prize money to US$10M, allocating US$3M to the winning team and US$1.5M to the runner-up. The winning team would also take home a replica of the ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy, which has been awarded since 1999. The total prize money for the teams placing from 1st to 8th was US$7.48 million, distributed as follows:
- US$370 thousand – each team exiting after the quarter-finals (4 teams)
- US$750,000 – fourth placed team
- US$750,000 – third placed team
- US$1.5M – runner up
- US$3M – winner
All the Indian stadiums for the tournament had been finalised by mid-October 2009, and those of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in late October 2009. The ICC announced all the venues in Mumbai on 2 November 2009. Two new stadiums were constructed in Kandy and Hambantota, Sri Lanka, for the event.
|Eden Gardens||M. A. Chidambaram Stadium||Feroz Shah Kotla||Vidarbha Cricket|
|Sardar Patel Stadium|
|Capacity: 90,000||Capacity: 45,000||Capacity: 48,000||Capacity: 44,000||Capacity: 48,000|
|Wankhede Stadium||Punjab Cricket|
|M. Chinnaswamy Stadium|
|Capacity: 33,000||Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 40,000|
|Sri Lanka Sri Lanka||Bangladesh Bangladesh|
|R. Premadasa Stadium||Pallekele International|
|Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 20,000||Capacity: 25,000|
- Main article: 2011 Cricket World Cup officials
The umpire selection panel selected 18 umpires plus Enamul Haque of Bangladesh as reserve umpire.
- Main article: 2011 Cricket World Cup squads
Each country chose a 30-member preliminary squad, which would then be reduced to 15. All the 14 teams announced their final squads before 19 January 2011.
- Main article: 2011 Cricket World Cup schedule
- Main article: 2011 Cricket World Cup warm-up matches
The following 14 warm-up matches were played before the World Cup started. For statistical purposes, these matches are not considered to be One Day Internationals.