|2012 ICC World Twenty20|
|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|Cricket Format||Twenty20 International|
|Tournament Format||Group stage and knockout|
|Most runs||Australia Shane Watson (249)|
|Most wickets||Sri Lanka Ajantha Mendis (15)|
The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was the fourth ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament that took place in Sri Lanka from September 18 to October 7, 2012 which was won by the West Indies. The schedule has been posted by International Cricket Council (ICC). This is the first World Twenty20 tournament held in an Asian country, the last three having being held in South Africa, England and the West Indies. Sri Lankan pacer Lasith Malinga has been chosen as the event ambassador of the tournament by ICC. The format has four groups of three teams in a preliminary round. India and England are in the same group and were joined by the runner up of the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier, Afghanistan. The champions of the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier, Ireland, are in a group with West Indies and Australia. Sri Lanka, South Africa and Zimbabwe, and Pakistan, New Zealand and Bangladesh are the other two groups.
Match fixtures were announced on 21 September 2011 by ICC. On the same date, the ICC also unveiled the logo of the tournament, named "Modern Spin".
The 2012 World Twenty20 is the fourth edition of the Twenty20 tournament. The first was hosted by South Africa in 2007, where India beat Pakistan in a thriller to become Twenty20 champions. Pakistan, the losing finalists in 2007, defeated Sri Lanka in 2009 tournament to become World T20 Champions, held in England. In 2010 England became the third World Twenty20 champions by beating Australia in the West Indies.
The format is the same as the 2010 edition. The format has four groups of three in a preliminary round, groups A-D. In addition to the ten test cricket playing nations, there are two associate/affiliate teams who qualified from the 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier staged in the United Arab Emirates on March 13–14, 2012.
The top two teams from each group A-D proceed to the Super Eight stage of the tournament. The Super Eights consist of two groups 1 & 2. The top two teams from the Super Eight groups play the semi-finals, and the semi-final winners contest the final to determine the world champions in Twenty20 cricket. England are the defending champions, having won the 2010 edition in the West Indies.
The Super Eight stage consists of the top two teams from each group of the group stage. The teams are split into two groups, Groups 1 and 2. Group 1 will consist of the top seed from Groups A and C, and the second seed of groups B and D. Group 2 will consist of the top seed from Groups B and D, and the second seed of groups A and C. The seedings used are those allocated at the start of the tournament and are not affected by group stage results, with the exception of if a non-seeded team knocks out a seeded team, the non-seeded team inherits the seed of the knocked-out team.
During the group stage and Super Eight, points are awarded to the teams as follows:
|No result||1 point|
In case of a tie (i.e. both teams score exactly the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over decides the winner. This is applicable in all stages of the tournament.
Within each group (both group stage & Super Eight stage), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:
- Higher number of points
- If equal, higher number of wins
- If still equal, higher net run rate
- If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
- If still equal, result of head to head meeting.
- Main article: 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier
Earlier, the ICC development committee had expanded the global qualification system for the World Twenty20, to give the Associate and Affiliate members of the governing body a chance to feature in the tournament. The qualification tournament, which was contested by eight teams in February 2010, was featured 16 sides when it was held in early 2012 ahead of the World Twenty20 in Sri Lanka, later that year.
Ireland defeated Afghanistan in the final to win the championship, and both teams progressed to play in the 2012 ICC World Twenty20.
All matches will be played at the following three grounds:
|Pallekele Cricket Stadium||R. Premadasa Stadium||Mahinda Rajapaksa Stadium|
|Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: 35,000|
- Main article: 2012 ICC World Twenty20 officials
- Main article: 2012 ICC World Twenty20 squads
The groups were announced on 21 September 2011.
Fixtures and results
There are 27 matches to be played during the ICC World Twenty20, 12 in group stages, 12 in Super Eights, two Semi-finals and a final.
- All times given are Sri Lanka Standard Time (UTC+05:30)
12 warm-up matches were played between 13 and 19 September featuring all 12 teams.