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ICC ODI Championship
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format One Day International
Tournament Format national (ongoing points
accumulation through
all matches played)
First tournament 2002
Last ongoing
Participants England
Bangladesh
England
India
New Zealand
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
South Africa
West Indies
Zimbabwe
Most successful Flag of Australia Australia (125 points) (105 months)
Current leader Flag of England England (121 points)

The ICC ODI Championship is an international competition run by the International Cricket Council in the sport of cricket. It currently involves the 10 nations that play Test cricket; Kenya, a non-Test country with full One Day International (ODI) status; and most recently Ireland, which qualified for the main ODI Table following their second victory over a Test playing nation in the ICC World Cup on 16 April 2007. Starting in 2009, the number of teams on the main ODI Table will be set to 16, with the 10 current Test nations joined by the top six finishers in the ICC World Cup Qualifier. Kenya and Ireland must re-qualify for ODI status in that event.

The competition is notional in the sense that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on all international matches that are otherwise played as part of regular ODI cricket scheduling. Other non-Test countries with One-Day International status aren't included in the main table because they are yet to meet the promotion criteria.

In essence, after every ODI match, the two teams involved receive points based on a mathematical formula. The total of each team's points total is divided by the total number of matches to give a 'rating', and all eleven teams are ranked by order of rating (this can be shown in a table).

By analogy to cricket batting averages, the points for winning an ODI match are greater than the team's rating, increasing the rating, and the points for losing an ODI match are always less than the rating, reducing the rating. A drawn match between higher and lower rated teams will benefits the lower-rated team at the expense of the higher-rated team. An 'average' team that wins as often as it loses while playing a mix of stronger and weaker teams should have a rating of 100.

ODI Championship calculations

The calculations for the Table are performed as follows:

  • Each team scores points based on the results of their matches.
  • Each team's rating is equal to its total points scored divided by the total matches played. (Series are not significant in these calculations).
  • A match only counts if played in the last three years.
  • Matches played in the first year of the three-year limit count one-third; matches played in the second year count two-thirds; matches played in the last year count fully; essentially, recent matches are given higher weighting.
  • To determine a team's rating after a particular match:
    • Determine the match result (win, loss, or tie)
    • Calculate the match points scored:
      • If the gap between the ratings of the two teams at the commencement of the match is fewer than 40 points, then:
        • The winner scores 50 points more than the opponent's rating
        • The loser scores 50 points fewer than the opponent's rating
        • Each team in a tie scores the opponent's rating
      • If the gap between the ratings of the two teams at the commencement of the match is more than or equal to 40 points, then :
        • The winner, if it is the stronger team, scores 10 points more than its own rating
        • The winner, if it is the weaker team, scores 90 points more than its own rating
        • The loser, if it is the stronger team, scores 90 points fewer than its own rating
        • The loser, if it is the weaker team, scores 10 points fewer than its own rating
        • The stronger team in a tie scores 40 points fewer than its own rating
        • The weaker team in a tie scores 40 points more than its own rating
    • Add the match points scored to the points already scored (in previous matches as reflected by the Table) and determine the new rating. However, matches(and the points) which do not lie in last three year range will have to be removed.
  • Points earned by teams depend on the opponents ratings, therefore this system needed to assign base ratings to teams when it started.

Ranking table

ICC ODI Championship
Rank Change Team Matches Points Rating
1 Increase 1 Flag of England England 25 3016 121
2 Decrease 1 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 18 2170 121
3 Steady Flag of India India 30 3598 120
4 Steady Flag of Australia Australia 28 3164 113
5 Steady Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 32 3470 108
6 Steady Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 28 2907 104
7 Decrease Flag of West Indies West Indies 25 2206 88
8 Increase Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 21 1636 78
9 Steady Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand 20 1434 72
10 Steady Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe 14 700 50
11 Steady Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland 6 207 35
12 Steady Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 4 63 16
13 Steady Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya 4 45 11
Reference: ICC Rankings, 15 Dec 2012

Associate ODI rankings

In late 2005, the International Cricket Council ranked the top non-Test nations from 11-30 to complement the Test nations' rankings in the ICC ODI Championship. The ICC used the results from the 2005 ICC Trophy and WCQS Division 2 competition (i.e. the primary qualification mechanisms for the 2007 Cricket World Cup) to rank the nations.

These rankings were used to seed the initial stage of the global World Cricket League. Teams ranked 11-16 were placed into Division 1; teams 17-20 were placed into Division 2; teams 21-24 were placed into Division 3; the remaining teams were placed into the upper divisions of their respective regional qualifiers.

As of 19 April 2009 the top six associates/affiliates gained one day status. Kenya and Ireland have both qualified to appear on the main rating table, Kenya from its existing status and Ireland for its two victories in the 2007 World Cup. Afghanistan, Canada, Netherlands, and Scotland remain on the secondary table. In May 2009, the ICC added a rankings table for all associate and affiliate members. This contained both global and regional placings and can be seen below:

Rankings

Rank Nation Regional Rank
14 Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan Asia No. 1 Associate/Affiliate member
15 Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Europe 3
16 Flag of Canada.svg Canada Americas No.1 Associate/Affiliate member
17 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates Asia 2
18 Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia Africa 2
19 Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea East Asia - Pacific No.1 Associate/Affiliate Member
20 Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Asia 3
21 Flag of Uganda Uganda Africa 3
22 Flag of Bermuda Bermuda Americas 2
23 Flag of Oman Oman Asia 4
24 Flag of Italy Italy Europe 4
25 Flag of Nepal Nepal Asia 2
26 Flag of the United States United States Americas 3
27 Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Asia 6
28 Flag of Tanzania Tanzania Africa 4
29 Flag of the Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Americas 4
30 Flag of Argentina Argentina Americas 5
31 Flag of Bahrain Bahrain Asia 6
32 Flag of Singapore Singapore Asia 7
33 Flag of Guernsey Guernsey Europe 6
34 Flag of Malaysia Malaysia Asia 8
35 Flag of Kuwait Kuwait Asia 9
36 Flag of Jersey Jersey Europe 7
37 Flag of Nigeria Nigeria Africa 5
38 Flag of Fiji Fiji EAP 2
39 Flag of Germany Germany Europe 8
40 Flag of Botswana Botswana Africa 6
41 Flag of Norway Norway Europe 9
42 Flag of Japan Japan EAP 3
43 Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu EAP 4

Historical ICC ODI Champions

The ICC provides ratings for the end of each month back to October 2002. This table lists the teams that have successively held the highest rating since that date, by whole month periods.

Team Start End Total Months Cumulative Months Highest Rating
Flag of Australia Australia October 2002 January 2007 52 52 140
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa February 2007 February 2007 1 1 128
Flag of Australia Australia March 2007 February 2008 12 64 130
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa March 2008 May 2008 3 4 127
Flag of Australia Australia June 2008 December 2008 7 71 131
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa January 2009 August 2009 8 12 127
Flag of Australia Australia September 2009 August 2012 35 106 134
Flag of England England August 2012 September 2012 2 3121
Reference: ICC Rankings

The ICC recently applied its current rating system to results since 1981. The table only begins from 1981 as prior to this date, there is not enough data available due to the infrequency of matches and the small number of competing teams in the earlier periods.

The teams that have successively held the highest rating since January 1981 till September 2002, by whole month periods, are:

Team Start End Total Months
Flag of England England January 1981 February 1981 2
Flag of West Indies West Indies June 1981 November 1981 6
Flag of England England December 1981 December 1981 1
Flag of West Indies West Indies January 1982 May 1987 65
Flag of England England August 1987 March 1988 8
Flag of West Indies West Indies April 1988 May 1988 2
Flag of England England August 1988 May 1989 10
Flag of West Indies West Indies August 1989 December 1989 5
Flag of Australia Australia January 1990 March 1990 3
Flag of West Indies West Indies April 1990 April 1990 1
Flag of Australia Australia May 1990 May 1990 1
Flag of West Indies West Indies July 1990 July 1990 1
Flag of Australia Australia August 1990 November 1990 4
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan December 1990 January 1991 2
Flag of Australia Australia February 1991 May 1991 4
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan August 1991 August 1991 1
Flag of Australia Australia October 1991 May 1992 8
Flag of England England August 1992 March 1993 8
Flag of West Indies West Indies April 1993 April 1993 1
Flag of Australia Australia May 1993 July 1993 3
Flag of West Indies West Indies August 1993 November 1994 16
Flag of India India December 1994 March 1995 4
Flag of West Indies West Indies April 1995 May 1995 2
Flag of India India August 1995 October 1995 3
Flag of England England November 1995 December 1995 2
Flag of Australia Australia January 1996 April 1996 4
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa May 1996 February 2000 46
Flag of Australia Australia March 2000 January 2002 23
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa February 2002 February 2002 1
Flag of Australia Australia March 2002 September 2002 7
Reference: ICC Historical Rankings

The summary of teams that have held the highest rating since 1981 till present by whole month periods, are:

Team Total Months Highest Rating
Flag of Australia Australia 163 140
Flag of West Indies West Indies 99 141
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 59 134
Flag of England England 31 135
Flag of India India 7 127
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 3 131
Reference: ICC Historical Rankings

See also

External links


International cricket vte
Test & ODI AustraliaBangladeshEnglandIrelandIndiaNew ZealandPakistanSouth AfricaSri LankaWest IndiesZimbabwe
Former & non Test & ODI AfghanistanBermudaCanadaDenmarkHong KongKenyaNamibiaNepalNetherlands
Papua New GuineaScotlandUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States
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